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考生必读:托福写作必背技巧(1)

2010-08-05 来源:读书人 
Computers are now being used everywhere,whether in the government,in schools or in business.Soon,computers will be found in every home,too.

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2010年最常用的雅思写作基本句式

  采用不同的句子开头是使句子多样化的手段之一。我们造句及写作的时候不应该总是用 “subject-verb-object” 的结构顺序,而应该尽量用不同的方式展开一个句子。不同的句子开头既可以美化句子,同时也能使句子与句子之间自然过度,衔接自然,以免过于依赖过渡词。在 TWE 考试中主考官对句子结构的多样化也非常的重视,看看常见的句子开头的方法!

  句子的开头可以采用以下的任何一种方式:

  1 用副词开头,常见的情形有:

  (1)副词修饰全句

  Luckily,he didn’t know my phone number;otherwise,he would bother me.

  Incredibly,Helena got straight A in her school report this semester.

  Interestingly,cats and dogs can hardly get along well in a house.

  修饰全句常用的副词有:

  obviously undoubtedly

  apparetly fortunately

  clearly unfortunately

  incredibly luckily

  unluckily surprisingly

  frighteningly

  这些副词大多数表示说话人对全句的看法,在意思上相等与 “It is ... 形容词 that ...” 。

  eg:

  Obviously,he is nervous about the test.

  =It is obvious that he is nervous about the test.

  Unfortunately,he tripped over and fell in the mud.

  =It is unfortunate that he tripped over and fell in the mud.

  (2) 强调副词来源:考试大网

  Hurriedly, the man drew me a scratch map to show me the direction.

  Dangerously, the drunkard sped down the street.

  Slowly and gently, snowflakes were drifting down from the sky.

  (3) 副词表示某一地域或某一领域

  Geographically, Canada is the biggest country in the world.

  Financially, she is independent, but emotionally she is dependent.

  2. 用插入语开头,表示说话人的态度,或使句子的意思更加准确:

  Strangely enough, Jennifer does not enjoy sunshine and beach.

  Generally speaking, winter in Vancouver is gloomy.

  类似的插入语有:

  no wonder no doubt

  in other words in my opinion

  in conclusion in fact

  as a matter of fact

  3. 用形容词、并列形容词或形容词短语开头,修饰句子的主语,表示主语的特征或状态:

  Frantic, the young mother rushed out the door with the baby in her arms.

  Tasty and crisp,potato chip are a favorite snack for both children and adults.

  Happy at his good marks at school, the little boy skipped on his way home.

  Desperete and hopeless, the poor man committed suicide.

  4. 用分词、分词短语开头:

  (a) 修饰句子主语,表示主语所处的状态或主语同时进行的另一个较谓语动词次要的动作:

  Scared, the girl moved timidly and cautiously into the dark room.( 状态)

  Cgased by my dear pet cat, the mouse dashed into a snall hole.( 状态 )

  Spoiled by his parents, the naughty boy always insists on things he wants.( 状态)

  Puffing and hugging, he finished his run.( 另一动作)

  Looking at herself in the mirror, she fingered her silk scarf on her shoulder.( 另一动作)

  (b) 修饰谓语动词,表示原因、时间等

  Lying down on the couch, he felt much relaxed.( 时间)

  Feeling bored, she turned on the TV and switched from channel to channel.( 原因)

  Wanting to find out the business hour,she called the store.( 原因)

  Having completed the form, dhe mailed it out immediately.( 时间)


(作者:读书人网友 编辑:kind887)
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