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托福阅读:表示逻辑关系的词

2015-09-25 来源:读书人网 
英语句子的理解很多时候是要去理解其逻辑关系的,常见的逻辑关系有并列,比较,因果,递进,转折等等。句子内有这

英语句子的理解很多时候是要去理解其逻辑关系的,常见的逻辑关系有并列,比较,因果,递进,转折等等。句子内有这些逻辑关系,句子和句子之间也有这些逻辑关系,这样才能理清整篇文章的脉络,去完成例如句子简化,插入句子这类题型。新东方网托福频道为大家带来托福阅读中的逻辑关系词,希望大家可以将托福阅读逻辑关系词牢记在心。

  1.因果(明显)

  表示明显因果关系的词汇:

  Therefore, due to, as, for, thus, hence, consequently, because (of), owing to, so (that), as a result, since…

  2.因果(暗含)

  2.1表示“由……而来”的词

  Come from, result from, initiate from, derive from, originate from…

  2.2表示“导致”的词

  Spark, prompt, be responsible to, stimulate, cause, make, render, spur, push, motivate,lead to, result in +结果, due to, thanks to,

  2.3 其他

  in that , now that, , in order that, on account of

  3.转折与并列

  3.1表示转折关系

  In contrast (to), while, whereas,nevertheless, in spite of/despite, even if/even though, instead (of), but/yet, conversely, on the contrary, contrary to,different from/differ from, however, rather than, unlike, in fact, actually弱转

  3.2表示并列关系

  Or/and, vice versa, also/as well as, both…and…, either...or..., neither…nor…, in (the) the same way, equally, similarly/similar to, like/just like, likewise(同样的), while(与此同时), meanwhile(同时), not only...but also... , more...than

  4.让步

  although,though, even though(if), even, despite, in spite of, nevertheless, anyway, as while(虽然,尽管,即使),still(尽管如此)

  5.总分(举例&总结)

  5.1举例:for example, for instance,such as, including

  5.2总结:in sum, in general, overall, to sum up, on the whole, generally

  6. 递进

  still, also, indeed, furthermore(进一步), moreover(而且,此外), even(甚至,更),besides, additionally, in addition, what's more

  7. 条件

  表示条件概念的词:

  If, supposing (that), providing / provided (that), as(so) long as, in case(if), on condition that…, unless, suppose (that), only if, when

  8.比较结构(隐藏)

  8.1比较级表示最高级

  8.2自身含有最高级含义的词

  Top, favorite, outstanding, maximum…

  9.否定

  9.1明显的否定关系词汇:No, not, never, deny, none, neither…

  9.2暗含的否定关系词汇:little, few, fail to, absence from, lack (of), refuse to…

  以上就是每日托福小编为大家带来的托福阅读中的逻辑关系词,逻辑是托福阅读中一个潜藏的考点,大家要在备考时熟悉。预祝大家托福考试取得好成绩!


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